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Условное наклонение, "would"

 

Начнем, как обычно, с песни.

Pink Floyd, "If"

If I were the swan, I'd be gone

if I were the train, I'd be late (again)

and if I were the good man

I'd talk with you more often than I do

 

If I were to sleep I could dream

if I were afraid I could hide

if I go insane

please don't put your wires in my brain

 

If I were the moon, I'd be cool

if I were the rule, I would bend

if I were a good man

I'd understand the spaces between friends

 

If I were alone, I would cry

and if I were with you, I'd be home and dry

and if I go insane

will you still let me join in with the game.

 

Поем и переводим песню. Как здесь используется "would"? Составьте 3-4 аналогичных предложения с этим словом. 

 

Условное наклонение - the conditional - это когда имеется какое-то условие, и затем какое-то следствие. Например:

If were the swan, I'd be gone - если бы я бы лебедем, я бы улетел.

Замечание: Если в условном наклонение употребляется глагол "to be" в прошедшем времени, то он всегда будет в форме "were" (как в этой песне).

 

Exercise 1: here are some questions. Please answer them in a sentence or two.

a) If you went to a desert island and could take along only one suitcase, what would you put there?

b) If you were an actor/an actress, who would you play?

c) If I you were invited to a masquerade, what costume would you wear?

d) If you had a magic wand, what would you do?

e) If you were a man (instead of a woman), or visa versa (a woman, instead of a man), what kind of a person would you be?

 

Another song, with examples of "would":

EL CONDOR PASA



I'd rather be a sparrow than a snail.
Yes I would.
If I could,
I surely would.

Chorus:

Away, I'd rather sail away
Like a swan that's here and gone.

A man gets tied up to a grouch, 

he gives the world
Its saddest sound.

Chorus:


I'd rather be a hammer than a nail.
Yes I would.
If I could,
I surely would.

Chorus:

I'd rather be a forest than a street.
Yes I would.
If I could,
I surely would.

 

Chorus:

I'd rather feel the earth beneath my feet.
Yes I would.
If I could,
I surely would.

 

Where is the condition here? And the consequence? 

Compose similar sentences, 3-4 examples.