Суббота, 03.12.2016, 05:25

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To be, глагол "быть"

После того, как вы выучили простые местоимения, надо знать, что глагол "to be" меняется в зависимости от местоимения. 

 

I am

You are

s/he is

We are

You are

They are

 

Берем выражение "to be married" (быть женатым, замужем):

I am married

You are married

S/he is married

We are married

You are married

They are married

Negative (отрицание):

I am not married

you are not married

s/he is not married

 we are not married

you are not married

they are not married

Questions (вопросы):

Am I married?

Are you married?

Is she married?

 Are we married?

Are you married?

Are they married?

 

Упражнение 1. Для каждого из следующих выражений

“to be from New York”

“to be drunk”

“to be in love”

“to be single”

“to be happy”

а. составьте таблицу с утвердительным предложением (как показано выше)

б. таблицу с отрицательным предложением

в. таблицу с вопросом.

 

Упражнение 2. Поставьте правильную форму глагола "to be" и переведите

1. I ________ an innocent man     Billy Joel 
2. People can have it in any color - as long as it ___ black     Henry Ford about model T 
3. The future ______ black     James Baldwin 
4. I ______ black, but O! My soul _______ white     William Blake 
5. The so-called white races _______ really pinko-grey     E.M. Forster 
6. The East ____ red     Chinese communist slogan
7. We _______ the Champions     Queen

Замечание: в английском часто используются сокращения слов. Например:

I am = I’m

You are = you’re

She is = she’s

We are = we’re

You are = you’re

They are = they’re


 

Упражнение 3. В диалог, вставьте соответствующую форму глагола "to be":

Hi! My name ___ Anna.

Where ___ you from, Anna?

I ___ from Ukraine. And what ___ your name?

My name ____ Peter. I ___ from Italy.

How old ___ you, Peter?

I ___ thirty years old. And how old ___ you, Anna?

I ___ thirty, too. ___ you married, Peter?

No, I ___ not married. And you, Anna?

Yes, I ___ married

 

Упражнение 4: послушайте и переведите песню "Love" by John Lennon.  

Love is real , real is love
Love is feeling , feeling love
Love is wanting to be loved

Love is touch, touch is love
Love is reaching, reaching love
Love is asking to be loved

Love is you
You and me
Love is knowing
we can be

Love is free, free is love
Love is living, living love
Love is needed to be loved