Пятница, 31.03.2017, 01:29

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Modal verbs

(модальные глаголы)

Beatles. "Octopus' garden" (в саду осьминога!):

I'd like to be under the sea

In an octopus' garden in the shade

He'd let us in, knows where we've been

In his octopus' garden in the shade

I'd ask my friends to come and see

An octopus' garden with me

I'd like to be under the sea

In an octopus' garden in the shade.

We would be warm below the storm

In our little hideaway beneath the waves

Resting our head on the sea bed

In an octopus' garden near a cave

We would sing and dance around

because we know we can't be found

I'd like to be under the sea

In an octopus' garden in the shade

We would shout and swim about

The coral that lies beneath the waves

(Lies beneath the ocean waves)

Oh what joy for every girl and boy

Knowing they're happy and they're safe

(Happy and they're safe)

We would be so happy you and me

No one there to tell us what to do

I'd like to be under the sea

In an octopus' garden with you.

Discussion: where would you like to live?

Creative writing:: "Activity I would like to engage in", or "How I would like to live".



Модальные глаголы - это короткие, вспомогательные глаголы. Список модальных глаголов:

Can – могу

Could – мог или могла (прошедшее время от “can”)

May – могу

Might – могу

Should – следует

Ought to – следует

Must – должен

would - бы (сокращается как 'd, e.g. I'd like to go - я хотел бы пойти)

Will/shall - при их помощи формируется простое будущее время.

Правило 1: после модального глагола, основной глагол используется без "to".

Например: "I'll put you through" - я соединю вас (по телефону)

Правило 2: чтобы сделать отрицание с модальным глаголом: поставьте "not" между модальным глаголом и основным.

Например: You shouldn't smoke, I wouldn't like that in my apartment - вам не следует курить, мне это не понравилось бы в моих апартаментах.

Правило 3: чтобы сделать вопрос с модальным глаголом: поставьте сначала модальный глагол, потом местоимение (существительное), потом основной глагол.

Например: Should you study English? - следует ли вам учить английский?


Exercise 1: В шутки, поставьте "should" или "shouldn't". Переведите.


1. You _________________ pay your taxes with a smile.

    I tried that but they wanted cash.

2. Someone has been eating the pie I cooked yesterday. ___________ I call the police?

    I think an ambulance might be a better idea.

3. Doctor, how can I live to be a hundred?

    You __________ smoke or drink alcohol. You __________ eat only bread and drink milk and you ____________ live alone in the countryside.

And will I live to be a hundred?

I don't know, but it'll certainly seem like it.

4. Why do you think I _______ sell this TV for 1/2 price?

Because I only have one eye!

5. I'm in love with two girls. One is beautiful but has no money, the other is ugly but has lots of money. Who _______ I marry?

You love the beautiful one, so I think you ___________ marry her.

OK, thank you for advice.

Don't mention it. By the way, could you give me the name and telephone of the other girl?

6. An old man saw two little boys fighting.

You ___________ fight, he said to the bigger boy. You __________ love your enemy.

But he's not my enemy, he's my brother.

7. I have a bad headache and my doctor can't cure it.

You _______ change to my doctor. You'll never live to regret it.


Exercise 2: студенты часто любят говорить "must" или "have to" (должен) когда следует сказать "should" или "ought to" (следует). Английский язык более рекомендательный чем русский. Расскажите, что нужно делать, чтобы выучить английский. Например: "You should practice every day".

o      Practice every day. Don't miss any single day. Even if you are absolutely busy find 15 minutes.

o      Try to devote the earliest hours to language and at least 20-30 minutes in evenings before going to bed.

o      If you get tired quickly - don't worry and don't hurry. Take your time, but don't give up your lessons. Be patient.

o      Change forms of studying: read magazines and books, listen to the radio or tape-recorder, do exercises or simply look through a dictionary.

o      Learning new words and expressions always pay attention on their context.

o      Make a special list of phrases that will definitely be useful, which you need in most cases. Revise it from time to time and develop it. Practice them until you can produce them in a perfect way.

o      Try to translate in your memory everything that is possible: headlines in newspapers, titles of books and articles, slogans, pieces of phrases, etc. It's a kind of a useful mental game and exercise like doing crossword puzzles. If you like it and get addicted to it, you will make a significant progress in learning new words very soon.

o      Try to put yourself in the natural language environment as often as possible. Watch films, attend public lectures and write letters to your foreign friends,
use every possibility to talk with native speakers.

o      Don't be afraid to speak and don't be afraid of possible mistakes. On the contrary you could ask your friends to correct your mistakes.

o      Don't feel offended, hurt or upset if somebody corrects you. You must be thankful.

o      Try to think in the language you are learning. If you really want to learn a language, try to avoid reading, speaking and even thinking in your native language or at least try to minimize it.


Песня "El condor pasa":

I'd rather be a sparrow than a snail.

Yes I would.

If I could,

I surely would.

I'd rather be a hammer than a nail.

Yes I would.

If I could,

I surely would.

Away, I'd rather sail away

Like a swan that's here and gone.

A man gets tied up to the grouch

He gives the world its saddest sound.

I'd rather be a forest than a street.

Yes I would.

If I could,

I surely would.

I'd rather feel the earth beneath my feet.

Yes I would.

If I only could,

I surely would.

Я лучше был бы воробьем чем улиткой

Составьте несколько аналогичных примеров с глаголом "would".


Song "IF"


If I were the swan, I'd be gone

if I were the train, I'd be late (again)

and if I were the good man

I'd talk with you more often than I do


If I were to sleep I could dream

if I were afraid I could hide

if I go insane

please don't put your wires in my brain


If I were the moon, I'd be cool

if I were the rule, I would bend

if I were a good man

I'd understand the spaces between friends


If I were alone, I would cry

and if I were with you, I'd be home and dry

and if I go insane

will you still let me join in with the game.


Rule: Use "were" if you used "be" in a conditional. Both for singular and plural.

Make a number of sentences similar to those in the song.